Periodontal Disease

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At Bela Family Dentistry, we are experts in oral health. That includes your whole mouth, not just your teeth. Our dentists can help with gum disease prevention and treatment. Here’s what you need to know about gum disease, also known as periodontal disease.

What is Periodontal Disease?

The main causes of gum disease are infections and inflammation of the gums and bones that surround and support your teeth. In the early stage, called gingivitis, your gums might become swollen and red, and they might bleed. Periodontitis, the more severe variant, can cause bone loss, gum tissue separation from your teeth, and even tooth loss. Periodontal disease mostly occurs in adulthood.

Causes of Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is brought on by bacteria in the mouth infecting the gum tissue that surrounds your teeth. Plaque, also known as calculus, is created when bacteria remain on the teeth for an extended period. As tartar accumulates below the gum line, it is more difficult to clean the teeth. The periodontal disease process can only be stopped by tartar removal performed by a dental health specialist.

Gum Disease Warning Signs

Warning signs of periodontal disease include:
· A persistent unpleasant taste or poor breath (halitosis)
· Red or swelling gums
· Bleeding or sensitive gums
· Chewing that hurts
· Loose teeth
· Painful, sensitive teeth
· Receding gums
· A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite · A change to the way partial dentures fit

Risk Factors

Certain factors increase the risk for periodontal disease: · Smoking
· Diabetes
· Poor oral hygiene
· Stress
· Heredity
· Uneven, crooked teeth
· Underlying immune weaknesses
· Fillings that have become defective
· Taking medications that cause dry mouth
· Bridges that don’t fit anymore
· Changes in female hormones brought on by pregnancy or the use of oral contraception

Gum Disease Prevention and Treatment

Good oral hygiene habits and routine professional cleanings by your Bela Family Dentistry dental professionals can prevent and treat gum disease. More severe cases of periodontal disease can be successfully treated, though it might take longer. Deep cleaning of the tooth root surfaces below the gum line, oral prescription drugs, gum-directed treatments, and occasionally corrective surgery may be part of the treatment program.

To get rid of the bacteria that causes gum disease, brush and floss every day. For checkups, visit your local Bela Family Dentistry at least once a year, or more frequently if you have any of the risk factors or warning symptoms listed above.

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